Russia exports agricultural products to 140 countries of the world
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Sanctions and reciprocal embargo reduce an export potential of Russia. Nevertheless, Russia remains the largest supplier of agricultural products, delivering it to 140 countries of the world. Following the results of a year edible export can make 20 billion dollars.
Despite an adverse geopolitical situation and a mutual ban on trade Russia remains a most large exporter of the food and agricultural products.
In 2015 export of agricultural products can make 20 billion dollars that is 5 billion more, than in previous year of Russia, counted in the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, based on statistical data in three quarters.
More than two thirds of volume of the Russian export of food and agricultural production are focused on foreign countries. Among key trade partners — the EU, including Germany and the Netherlands, and also the countries of Africa and China. In total Russia exports the production to 140 countries of the world, counted World Trade Center. Members of the WTO are 161 states.
From grain to vodka
The basis of the Russian agroexport is made now by grain, vegetable oil, fowl, fish and seafood.
Key buyers, for example, of the Russian wheat and barley are Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Yemen, Libya, Nigeria, the Republic of South Africa, Korea. In total grain of cereal cultures is exported to 127 countries. Russia exports about 30 million tons of grain annually.
Russia exports vegetables to 86 countries, the greatest volumes — to Turkey. India and Lithuania.
Vegetable and animal oils, fats Russia export mainly to the same Turkey, and also to Egypt, Kazakhstan, Algeria and 90 more countries.
Fruit and nuts — mainly to Belarus, Kazakhstan, China, Lithuania.
Meat, meat and food offal are delivered to 49 countries of the world, including – to the countries of the Euroasian economic union, and also to Ukraine, Finland, Korea, Vjetnam, Mongolia, Thailand.
Fish and Crustacea are delivered to 82 countries, the greatest volumes — to Korea and China, and also to Japan and the Netherlands and to the island states, for example, to Seychelles and the Marshall Islands.
Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Egypt, Belarus, Serbia and Turkey — the main consumers of the Russian tobacco.
The record number of the countries is bought in Russia by alcohol, soft drinks and vinegar. In this list of 40 countries, including such exotic, as Haiti, Côte d'Ivoire, French Polynesia, Ethiopia … It is clear that a basis of export to these countries not vinegar, but vodka.
In only 9 months of this year Russia exported agricultural products for 11,2 billion dollars that is 18,6% less than the similar period of last year (by calculations of World Trade Center, on the basis of data of the Federal Customs Service).
Minus Ukraine and Turkey
This year export, including export of agricultural products, is under the considerable pressure of a geopolitical factor. The most essential changes are expected in two export directions — Ukraine and Turkey.
Export of agricultural products and food from Russia to Ukraine in 10 months 2015, according to the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, in value terms decreased by 20,6% year by a year. It came due to decrease in supply of barley and other cereals, ready-made products from grain, tea and coffee, margarine, fish canned food, confectionery from sugar, chocolate, products of processing of vegetables and fruit, vodka, tobacco.
Growth of volumes of deliveries of fowl, frozen fish, vegetables, sunflower oil was at the same time observed. Thus the import share from Ukraine to Russia this year was about 1,5 times less (268 million dollars), than an export share from Russia to Ukraine (411 million dollars).
Next year negative dynamics will amplify. Since January 1, 2016 the agreement on association of Ukraine with the EU on creation of a free trade zone will come into force. Russia in reply made the decision to enter продэмбарго concerning Ukraine, by analogy to EU countries. With high probability it is possible to tell that reciprocal Russian measures will come into force. However, Belarus promised to replace Ukraine in the Russian market of the food.
Concerning Turkey it is also entered продэмбарго because of the Russian bomber which is brought down by the Turkish side on border of Turkey with Syria. Apparently, the ban on the Turkish import will be limited to vegetables and fruit. Turkey declares now that won't enter countermeasures. The main position of food export from Russia to Turkey, (56,1%) are grain. Export of the food and agricultural products from Russia to Turkey in 2014 grew by a third to 2,4 billion dollars. Since the beginning of this year Russia exported 3,5 million tons of grain to Turkey. In only 10 months 2015 Russia exported to Turkey of the food for 1,4 billion dollars that is nearly 25% less, than year of the ranee.analogichny period of last year (by calculations of World Trade Center, on the basis of data of the Federal Customs Service).
The Russian authorities strengthen support of domestic exporters in hope meanwhile that the exchange of sanctions will end sooner or later, and it is necessary to stimulate export in any situation. Preferences – administrative and financial — now receive first of all those companies which are ready to increase non-oil export.
The Kaliningrad landowners, for example, within the import substitution program managed to reduce considerably quantity of the imported food and to increase export deliveries to the EU. According to the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, the first party from 20 tons of a white cabbage the other day was delivered to Poland.
Actively "hills" the market of the European Union and the countries of Latin America agro-industrial group "Sodruzhestvo". The annual turnover of the company exceeds 4 billion dollars and will grow. Activity of the company is concentrated on processing of soybeans and a colza, production of fish meal and the combined animal proteinaceous mix, import of corn gluten and a lysine.
In November of the Sodruzhestvo company the credit of 150 million dollars from Gazprombank on payment of export deliveries was approved.
"We consider that this transaction has to serve as incentive for strengthening of export of products of processing of agrarian and industrial complex with high additional cost" — the executive vice-president of Gazprombank Alexey Belous speaks.
The transaction with Gazprombank will allow to strengthen Commonwealth positions in the global markets and it is essential to increase the Russian non-oil export, the finance director of the company Alexander Shenderyuk-Zhidkov notes.
EKSAR softens sanctions
The insurance coverage of the transaction made the Russian agency on insurance of the export credits and investments (EKSAR). The transaction is one of the largest in a portfolio of agency within support of the Russian agricultural branch.
EKSAR within this transaction provided such product, as "Insurance of the credit to the buyer" — for protection of the Russian or foreign bank against risk of a non-return of the credit.
The covering extends on the loan granted to the foreign borrower for performance of obligations under the export contract signed with the Russian exporter.
By words, the managing director for client work and underwriting of EKSAR Nikita Gusakov, the agency plans to increase support of the domestic producers of agricultural production who are effectively working at the foreign markets. "The increase in volumes of non-oil export not only allows to diversify export deliveries, but also makes the contribution to improvement of quality and competitiveness of the Russian production" — Nikita Gusakov notes.
Insurance of the credit to the buyer in the conditions of depreciation of ruble to the main currencies is capable to support really export, explained "to the Newspaper. Ru" Ekaterina Diatchenko, founder of B2B-Export electronic trading platform.
Such support does the Russian agricultural production of the most competitive. "Excellent time for a gain of the new markets" — the expert adds.
The Russian non-oil export on average annually grows in physical volumes approximately such rates which are put in government "road map" of support of export — about 6% a year. Growth could be more considerable if the state had opportunity to allocate more funds for support of exporters. However, at a budget deficit in 3% it is problematic. The CEO of TsMT of Moscow Vladimir Salamatov with reference to data of OECD notes that China in comparison with Russia allocates money for support of export 58 times bigger, Germany — in 14, the USA — in 12, Norway — in 6, Canada — in 1,8, Brazil — in 1,3. At the same time one invested ruble gives eight rubles of real export.
Source: Рустем Фаляхов, www.gazeta.ru